Effective papers essay on cuban missile crisis

The thirteen-day period of the Cuban missile crisis has put the world on the edge of a nuclear war. The Cuban missile crisis and its consequences were the nearest and the most grave encounter between the Unites States and the Soviet Union.

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President John F. It was also an inevitable signal for the two countries to violently face each other. Despite being short-lived, the crisis was so strong that it grabbed not only the concern of the American people but the attention of President Kennedy and his men as well. President Kennedy, popularly known as JFK, faced the possibility of a nuclear war between the two superpowers and the difficult challenge to peacefully compel Russian President Khrushchev to remove their missiles from Cuba.

A Kennedy-Khrushchev agreement ended the crisis afterwards with both countries getting their respective advantages and promoting their own interests.

Exemplifying statesmanship and with enough courage as well as composure, Kennedy effectively handled the situation. Had it not for the decision of the Soviet Union to give in to the demands of the United States, the Cuban missile crisis would have gone beyond the period from October 14 to October 28 in and put the world in the brink of violence and destruction. The National Endowment for Humanities traced the Cuban missile crisis in the latter part of September in after the discovery of the establishment of Soviet-made missiles by U.

The Kennedy administration was faced with the most grave foreign relations policy dilemma. This is because of the proximity of Cuba to Florida coast that any missiles fired from that country, and with a too-short warning, would seriously hurt other parts of the United States. Aside from this scenario, Kennedy was somehow even more concerned that his own prestige as well as that of the American people was at stake.

Cuban Missile Crisis Essay

These problems caused Kennedy to demand from Khrushchev the removal all the missiles already established in Cuba and to refrain from placing such weapons in that country National Endowment for the Humanities. Khrushchev has reportedly also claimed that the immediate and covert installation of Soviet missiles in Cuba was approved by its leader, Fidel Castro cited in Global Security, A conclusive proof of the existence of heightened Soviet military assistance to Cuba became evident after a series of air surveillance made by the US U-2 spy planes.

Citing intelligence sources, the US was already aware of the mounting Soviet military forces in Cuba. However, Kennedy and his men failed to recognize that the secret installation of Soviet missiles was part of the supposed nuclear-war plan.

An aerial photograph confirmed the Soviet missile build-up in Cuba. The photograph showed that some of the missile launchers were ready to fire anytime.

Cuban missile crisis Essays

JKF Handling of the Cuban Missile Crisis When Kennedy saw the photographed missiles in Cuba, he and his advisers drew the necessary plan of action to appropriately deal with the situation. As a week of strong discussions within the Kennedy administration ensued, Soviet representatives denied the missile build-up. The first alternative plan required the U. The second alternative plan required the U. Kennedy decided to proceed with the second plan i.

If the second plan did not succeed, the U. These included the stopping of all cargo shipments to Cuba especially those that contained offensive military weapons. Kennedy also ordered that the isolation will likewise be done to other shipments. Secondly, Kennedy ordered the continued and augmented monitoring of Cuba and its missile accumulation. Citing National Security, Kennedy said that his decision was justified and even ordered the U. Armed Forces to be ready for any military occurrence.We use cookies to give you the best experience possible.

Words:Paragraphs: 21, Pages: 7. Paper type: EssaySubject: Cuba. John F. The confrontation left the world in fear for thirteen long days, with the life of the world on the line.

effective papers essay on cuban missile crisis

Khrushchev, Premier of the Soviet Union, secretly ordered the placement of Soviet nuclear weapons in Cuba. This was thefirst time any such weapons had been placed outside Eurasia. Historians have offered several explanations for his actions. One factor in his decision was strategic.

A year earlier, the United States had placed several medium-range nuclear missiles in Turkey. The United States had, in the past, attempted to kill Castro. In Julythe United States found out that nuclear missile shipments were being made to Cuba. US U-2 spy planes flew over the island, bringing back reports of construction and ballistic missiles. According to the message, the military build-up was defensive in nature and not militarily threatening.

Don't use plagiarized sources. Robert Kennedy informed the ambassador that the United States would closely watch all military activity in Cuba and warned of severe consequences should the Soviets place offensive weapons. President Kennedy did not believe the message. He asks Congress for the authority to mobilize overreservists into active duty. The Soviets response was that they could fire rockets from Russia just as easily as from Cuba. Offensive missiles in Cuba, they argued, were therefore unnecessary for an offensive base.

Russian government promised you say that than that of the missiles into Cuba. One day U. Kennedy decides to do air attack or invade, because Soviet Union was pushing it.

Before an attack John F. Kennedy tries to answer thefirst letter that Krishev sent.This was true during the Cuban Missile Crisis. By the time Kennedy got the intelligence reports showing the reconnaissance photographs from the Soviet installations in Cuba, the President publically "proclaimed that any nuclear missile attack from Cuba would be regarded as an attack by the Soviet Union and would be responded to accordingly," "Revelations from the Russian Archives.

Events leading up to this potential catastrophic war was the Cuban Revolution, the failure of the Bay of Pigs invasion, US anti-communism, insecurity of the Soviet Union, and Cuba's fear of invasion.

Thankfully, the conflict was avoided due to great cooperation from both President John F. Each decision made by each leader was vital in the outcome of The Crisis. Kennedy's choice to take action by methods of quarantine instead. The Cuban Missile Crisis in the prevention of a nuclear war.

Whereas the Vietnam War ultimately curtailed the spread of communism. S was trying to prevent a nuclear war, and attempting to contain the hostility between the U. S and the Soviet Union. Inan American U2 plane spotted a Russian missile site being built with short. Topic Sentence: The Cuban missile was a crazy time. It happened some fifty years ago when John F. Kennedy was president. It was when one of U. Soon enough president Kennedy had to talk to one of their leaders about what are they doing with the missiles and if they do not remove it.

This was the testing ground, the closest the world has ever been to nuclear war, the Cuban Missile Crisis, October, Kennedy and Russian Premier Nikita Khrushchev to reach an agreement in which both did not lose face, and more importantly, the world survived. Investigation The purpose of this investigation is to establish the extent to which there was a victor at the end of the Cuban Missile Crisis in This investigation will evaluate the position of both Khrushchev and Kennedy after the crisis in order to draw the victor.

Looking into the intentions and goals of USA and the USSR leading up to, during, and recently after the crisis to determine the true victor, in between the years and Sources that will be used in this investigation include. The Cuban Missile Crisis The Cuban missile crisis was the most dangerous of the Cold War, but it still involves the two main superpower enemies; Russia and America, only this time Cuba got involved too.

The Cold War happened because. The Cuban Missile Crisis The world was at the edge of a third world war. This was the result of a variety of things: the Cuban Revolution, the failure of the Bay of Pigs invasion, US anti-communism, insecurity of the Soviet Union, and Cuba's fear of invasion all made causes for war.

However, war was not the result due to great cooperation from both President Kennedy and President Khrushchev and each of the decisions made by the leaders was crucial in the outcome of The Crisis.

Kennedy's choice.

The history of the Cuban Missile Crisis - Matthew A. Jordan

This incident launched the world into a new time, which presented nuclear weapons as a source of power.The crisis happened in Cuba in October The war was initiated after the United States noticed that the soviet had placed the missiles in the Cuba. There was a […]. However the relationship between the two was always edgy. In February the Yalta conference was held. It was the second wartime meeting which the British […]. The Cuban Missile Crisis was the considered to be the high point of what came to be known as the Cold War because of […].

On January 1, a Cuban nationalist by the name of Fidel Castro, drove his guerilla army into Havana, the capital of Cuba.

JFK’s Effective Handling of the Cuban Missile Crisis Essay

Him and his guerrilla dethroned General Fulgencio Batista who was the Cuban president at the time. The doctrine by President John F. The coalition between the two parties was dissolved after the […]. President John F.

effective papers essay on cuban missile crisis

Kennedy had one of the longest lasting legacies out of the United States presidents. Kennedy was elected as the president in as the 35th president. He was born into one of the wealthiest families which out such a strong expectation on him.

Kennedy had a successful run for Congress in […]. Joseph Kennedy was very wealthy business executive and financier. Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy on the other hand was never involved in politics but her father was. John Francis […].

The Cuban Missile Crisis and Cold War

Surrounded by admiration, controversy, and legacy, John Fitzgerald Kennedy was the 35th president of the United States. Fifth of nine children, John was born May 29, in Boston, Massachusetts. The Kennedy children enjoyed a comfortable childhood, Patrick Joseph Kennedy their father, was a successful business man ensuring his children were well provided for.

Rose […].Enjoy free essays, examples of research papers, sample term papers, free dissertation samples and paper writing tips for all students. Example papers and sample papers on the most popular topics. Effective Papers. During this significant time, these two major superpowers came utterly close to war, with possible use of nuclear weapons. This crisis is the closest the world has ever come to thermonuclear war. As a brief summary of the crisis, Fidel Castro took power in Cuba by overthrowing the previous dictator, Fulgencio Batista, whom the United States had put into power.

The United States government was gravely concerned about the creation of a communist state and member of the Soviet Bloc only seventy miles from its southern shores.

The Cuban arms buildup first began with the signing of agreements with the Soviet Union and Czechoslovakia in mid This was followed by a secret arms buildup in Cuba sponsored by the Soviets and their satellites. Early indications of that buildup came from signals intelligence, the exploitation of Soviet and Soviet Bloc communications that carried information related to the arms supply operations.

This problem became a major focus of the new Kennedy administration when it took office in January Kennedy focused much of his energy on the buildup and issued the NSA to intercept messages concerning Soviet ships headed for Havana. The cargo manifests were suspiciously blank, indicating that what they carried was more than just palm oil or farm equipment thus Kennedy's suspicions were unfortunately true. All in all, it was because of the Soviet Union's buildup of ballistic missiles within Cuba that caused thirteen days in mid-October of of the most terrifying fear of nuclear war.

The United States had surrounded the Soviet Union with a picket fence of medium-range missiles in Europe capable of reaching important targets in only a few minutes. More specifically, in the thirteen days of crisis after American spy planes spotted construction of the Cuban missile sites, both leaders of the United States and the Soviet Union were searching for a way out of the catastrophe.

President Kennedy's core goal was to get the missiles out of Cuba. In the end, President Kennedy chose a naval blockade over direct military action and the Soviet Union settled for an exchange for withdrawing the missiles: an American pledge not to invade Cuba.

As a way of explaining how the Cuban Missile Crisis became a crisis in the first place, one would take a liberal perspective of explaining what caused the Cuban Missile Crisis.

Many liberalists, especially Marxists and other radicals, have long claimed that Capitalist countries, such as the Soviet Union, are likely to have particularly aggressive foreign policies. They say that this aggression is not limited to acts of war. In addition, they claim that political and military interventions in less developed countries are of special interest.

Liberals argue that states pursue an absolute gain, which emphasizes the fact that arrangements that improve the welfare of a society are really what motivate a state's foreign policy. This may explain why the Soviet Union took special interest in Cuba in the first place. On the other hand, in the realist perspective, the state is the principal actor on the world stage. Realism focuses on the high politics of national security and the relationships between great powers.

Realism focuses on maximizing power and that all actors in the international system seek the same relative set of goals. One would not use the realist theory to help explain the cause of the Cuban Missile Crisis because realists assume that conflicts between countries are not due to ideologies like as Communism, rather they are because of more tangible issues such and land, or border issues.

In one explanation, S. Khrushchev suggested that that Cuban Missile crisis primarily attracts one's attention by virtue of the reason that caused it.

He mentioned that what caused the crisis was not only the rivalry between the two superpowers, America and the Soviet Union, but also the cultural and civilizational distinctions between both of them.

As a consequence of these distinctions, there was an inability of the leadership to adequately estimate the consequences of their own decisions and the reaction to them by the opposite side S.

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Khrushchev, In other words, because of the cultural differences between the United States, the Soviet Union, and Cuba, all three countries did not fully understand the implications of their actions.The Cold War referred to the competition, the tensions and a series of confrontations between the United States and Soviet Union, backed by their respective allies. The Cuban Missile Crisis was the considered to be the high point of what came to be known as the Cold War because of the following reasons.

Cuba being an ally of the of the Soviet Union received both diplomatic and financial aid from it. In he placed nuclear missiles in Cuba. Installation of these weapons put the US, for the first. Three weeks after the Soviet Union had placed the nuclear weapons in Cuba, the Americans became aware of it.

Kennedy and his advisors were reluctant to do anything that might lead to full-scale nuclear war between the two countries, but they were determined to get Khrushchev to remove the missiles and nuclear weapons from Cuba.

A clash seemed imminent in what came to be known as the Cuban Missile Crisis. The prospects of this clash made the whole world nervous, for it would have been no ordinary war.

The Soviet ships slowed down and turned back. The alliance systems led by the two superpowers, threatened to divide the entire world into two camps. The division happened first in Europe.

Most of the West European countries sided with the US, represented the ideology of liberal democracy and capitalism. Those of Eastern Europe joined the Soviet Camp. They were headed by the Soviet Union and were committed to the ideology of socialism and communism. They formed the Warsaw Pact. There were two main features of the Alliance System.

First being that a state was supposed to remain tied to its protective superpower to limit the influence of the other superpower and its allies. Second, attack on one meant an attack on all others. The way the smaller states were important to the Superpowers, similarly the Superpowers were of equal importance to the smaller states.

The smaller states in the alliances used the link to the superpowers for their own purposes. They got the promise of protection, weapons and economic aid against their local rivals, mostly regional neighbors with whom they had rivalries. The superpowers allied with the smaller states as with their nuclear weapons and regular armies, they were so powerful that the combined power of most of the smaller states in Asia and Africa, and even in Europe, was of no match to that of the superpowers.

Yet, the smaller states were helpful for the superpowers in gaining access to vital resources such as oil and minerals, territory, from where the superpowers could launch their weapons and troops, locations from where they could spy on each other and economic support in that many small allies together could help pay for military expenses.

Moreover, they were also important for ideological reasons. The loyalty of allies suggested that the superpowers were winning the war of ideas as well, that liberal democracy and capitalism were better than socialism and communism or vice versa.

It was never like that Soviet Union had disintegrated all of a sudden. There were certain inherent problems in Soviet System such as the system had become very bureaucratic and authoritarian making life very difficult for the citizens. Lack of democracy and the absence of freedom stifled the people who often expressed their dissent jokes and cartoons.

Most of the institutions of the Soviet State needed reform.

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Moreover, the party refused to recognize the urge of the people in the fifteen different republics that formed the Soviet Union to manage their own affairs including their cultural affairs.

Although, on paper, Russia was only one of the fifteen republics that together constituted the USSR, in reality Russia dominated everything, and people from other regions felt neglected and often suppressed.

effective papers essay on cuban missile crisis

The Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in weakened the system even further. The Cold War tended to divide the world into two rival alliances. Scholars have argued that Non-Alignment was isolationism and I would like to challenge this claim of theirs. Isolationism refers to remaining aloof form world affairs.

Isolationism sums up the foreign policy of the US from the American War of Independence in up to the beginning of the first world war. In comparison, the non-aligned countries, including India, played an active role in mediating between the two rival alliances in the cause of peace and stability.This was true during the Cuban Missile Crisis. By the time Kennedy got the intelligence reports showing the reconnaissance photographs from the Soviet installations in Cuba, the President publically "proclaimed that any nuclear missile attack from Cuba would be regarded as an attack by the Soviet Union and would be responded to accordingly," "Revelations from the Russian Archives.

effective papers essay on cuban missile crisis

Events leading up to this potential catastrophic war was the Cuban Revolution, the failure of the Bay of Pigs invasion, US anti-communism, insecurity of the Soviet Union, and Cuba's fear of invasion. Thankfully, the conflict was avoided due to great cooperation from both President John F.

Each decision made by each leader was vital in the outcome of The Crisis. Kennedy's choice to take action by methods of quarantine instead.

The Cuban Missile Crisis in the prevention of a nuclear war. Whereas the Vietnam War ultimately curtailed the spread of communism. S was trying to prevent a nuclear war, and attempting to contain the hostility between the U. S and the Soviet Union. Inan American U2 plane spotted a Russian missile site being built with short. Topic Sentence: The Cuban missile was a crazy time. It happened some fifty years ago when John F.

Kennedy was president. It was when one of U. Soon enough president Kennedy had to talk to one of their leaders about what are they doing with the missiles and if they do not remove it.

This was the testing ground, the closest the world has ever been to nuclear war, the Cuban Missile Crisis, October, Kennedy and Russian Premier Nikita Khrushchev to reach an agreement in which both did not lose face, and more importantly, the world survived.

Investigation The purpose of this investigation is to establish the extent to which there was a victor at the end of the Cuban Missile Crisis in This investigation will evaluate the position of both Khrushchev and Kennedy after the crisis in order to draw the victor. Looking into the intentions and goals of USA and the USSR leading up to, during, and recently after the crisis to determine the true victor, in between the years and Sources that will be used in this investigation include.

The Cuban Missile Crisis The Cuban missile crisis was the most dangerous of the Cold War, but it still involves the two main superpower enemies; Russia and America, only this time Cuba got involved too. The Cold War happened because. The Cuban Missile Crisis The world was at the edge of a third world war. This was the result of a variety of things: the Cuban Revolution, the failure of the Bay of Pigs invasion, US anti-communism, insecurity of the Soviet Union, and Cuba's fear of invasion all made causes for war.

However, war was not the result due to great cooperation from both President Kennedy and President Khrushchev and each of the decisions made by the leaders was crucial in the outcome of The Crisis. Kennedy's choice. This incident launched the world into a new time, which presented nuclear weapons as a source of power. The incident of the Cuban Missile Crisis still connects with us today because the power nuclear weapons present, which provides. The Cuban missile crisis of had put America and Canada in danger and had almost started a nuclear war.

On October 15,an American spy plane took pictures of nuclear missiles being built in Cuba, these missiles were capable of hitting targets anywhere in the United States or Canada, these missiles belonged to the Soviet Union Russiaand were too dangerous to be left alone.

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The missiles had been placed there after the failed mission of the Bay of Pigs, for protection. John F. The confrontation was caused by the Soviets putting missiles in Cubajust 90 miles off the coast of the United States of America.